A nephrectomy is surgery to take out part or all of the kidney. There are three kinds of nephrectomy:
There are two ways to do the surgery:
Open surgery: The doctor will take out your kidney through a long cut (incision) in the front or side of your belly. The incision will leave a scar that will fade with time.
Laparoscopic surgery: The doctor will insert a thin, lighted tube (laparoscope) and surgical tools through several small cuts (incisions) in your belly. The doctor will remove your kidney through one of the incisions. The incisions will leave smaller scars than open surgery would. Some doctors may do robot-assisted surgery. The surgeon controls the robotic arms that hold the tools and scope.