A hernia occurs when an internal part of the body pushes through a weakness in the muscle or surrounding tissue wall. A hernia usually develops between the chest and hips. In many cases, it causes no or very few symptoms, although one may notice a swelling or lump in tummy (abdomen) or groin. The lump can often be pushed back in or disappears when you lie down. Coughing or straining may make the lump appear.
Types of hernia :
Some of the more common types of hernia are described below.
Other types of hernia
Other types of hernia that can affect the abdomen include
One should seek medical advice immediately if suffering from hernia and develop any of the following symptoms:
These symptoms could mean that either:
A strangulated hernia and obstructed bowel are medical emergencies and need to be treated as soon as possible.
Assessing a hernia: An ultrasound scan is used to confirm the diagnosis or assess the extent of the problem. This is a painless scan where high-frequency sound waves are used to create an image of part of the inside of the body. Once a diagnosis has been confirmed, the doctor will determine whether surgery to repair the hernia is necessary.
A number of factors will be considered when deciding whether surgery is appropriate, including:
Although most hernias won't get better without surgery, they won't necessarily get worse. In some cases, the risks of surgery outweigh the potential benefits.
Procedure: There are two main ways surgery for hernias can be carried out:
Recovery: Most people are able to go home the same day or the day after surgery and make a full recovery within a few weeks. After the operation, the groin will feel sore and uncomfortable. Patient will be given painkillers to help relieve this discomfort. If still in pain after going home, it is recommended to continue taking painkillers as advised by the doctor. Applying gentle pressure to the wound using hand, or a small pillow can make coughing, sneezing and moving between sitting and standing more comfortable.