Hemorrhoids are masses, clumps, cushions of tissue in the anal canal and are full of blood vessels, support tissue, muscle and elastic fibers. They are classified into two general categories: Internal and External.
A haemorrhoidectomy is an operation to remove haemorrhoids. It's usually carried out under general anaesthetic, which means you'll be unconscious during the procedure and won't feel any pain while it's carried out. A conventional haemorrhoidectomy involves gently opening the anus so the haemorrhoids can be cut out.
After having a haemorrhoidectomy, there's around a 1 in 20 chance of the haemorrhoids returning, which is lower than with non-surgical treatments. Adopting or continuing a high-fibre diet after surgery is recommended to reduce this risk.
This procedure usually takes place in a hospital. You and your surgeon will decide on the best anesthesia to use during the surgery. Choices include:
You may also be given a sedative to help you relax during the procedure if you receive local or regional anesthesia.
Once the anesthesia takes effect, your surgeon will cut out the large hemorrhoids. When the operation is over, you’ll be taken to a recovery room for a brief period of observation. Once the medical team is sure that your vital signs are stable, you’ll be able to return home.
Pain and infection are the most common risks associated with this type of surgery.