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Haemorrhoidectomy - Multi Specialty Hospital | Bangalore Orthopaedic and Surgical Hospital | BOSH | Bangalore

Hemorrhoids are masses, clumps, cushions of tissue in the anal canal and are full of blood vessels, support tissue, muscle and elastic fibers. They are classified into two general categories: Internal and External.

  • medicalInternal Haemorrhoids lie far deep inside the rectum where you can't see or feel them. Due to the pain-sensing nerves in the rectum, they usually do not hurt. However, bleeding is the only sign of their existence.
  • medicalExternal Haemorrhoids lie within the anus and are often uncomfortable. If an external haemorrhoid prolapses outside (usually in the course of passing a stool), you can see and feel it.

A haemorrhoidectomy is an operation to remove haemorrhoids. It's usually carried out under general anaesthetic, which means you'll be unconscious during the procedure and won't feel any pain while it's carried out. A conventional haemorrhoidectomy involves gently opening the anus so the haemorrhoids can be cut out.

After having a haemorrhoidectomy, there's around a 1 in 20 chance of the haemorrhoids returning, which is lower than with non-surgical treatments. Adopting or continuing a high-fibre diet after surgery is recommended to reduce this risk.

Procedure:

This procedure usually takes place in a hospital. You and your surgeon will decide on the best anesthesia to use during the surgery. Choices include:

  • medicalGeneral anesthesia, which puts you into a deep sleep throughout the surgery
  • medicalRegional anesthesia, which involves medication that numbs your body from the waist down being delivered by a shot into your back
  • medicalLocal anesthesia, which numbs only your anus and rectum

You may also be given a sedative to help you relax during the procedure if you receive local or regional anesthesia.
Once the anesthesia takes effect, your surgeon will cut out the large hemorrhoids. When the operation is over, you’ll be taken to a recovery room for a brief period of observation. Once the medical team is sure that your vital signs are stable, you’ll be able to return home.
Pain and infection are the most common risks associated with this type of surgery.